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Omaha

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Introduction:

Omaha Holdem Poker rules (aka Omaha Hold'em) are quite similar to Texas Holdem
Poker rules. However, there are some rule differences between the two games.

There are two basic differences in Omaha Holdem than in Texas Holdem Poker.

1. Players are dealt four hole cards rather than two
2. Player must use exactly two cards to make their poker hand
3. There are no flush ties in Omaha


Betting


Omaha begins the same way as Texas Holdem Poker. A dealer button moves around the table in a clockwise motion after every hand and the two players to the left of the dealer button put in forced bets known as the small blind and the big blind.


Beginning the game

The dealer gives each player four hole cards, all face down, in a clockwise motion beginning with the player directly to their left. After receiving their hole cards, players must decide whether they want to call, fold, or raise, beginning with the player to the direct left of the big blind. The betting round ends and the dealer continues to the flop.


Flopp

The dealer "burns" (discards) one card then takes the next three cards and places them face up in the center of the table. This is known as the flop. A round of betting occurs beginning with the person directly to the left of the dealer.


Turn


The dealer burns one more card, then takes another card and places it to the right of the cards already on the table. A round of betting occurs and then we move to the river.


River

The dealer burns one more card and places a final fifth card on the table to the right of the other cards. A final round of betting occurs and then a showdown occurs.


Showdown


After the final round of betting, players show their hands to each other beginning with the person who made the final bet. The player that makes the best five card hand wins the pot.


Stakes


Omaha Hildem Poker are mostly played in PL (Pot Limit), some online rooms offer PL and Fixed Limit.


PL and Fixed limit


Omaha: How to make a hand



The difference between Texas Hold'em and Omaha.


There are two major differences between Texas Hold'em and Omaha. First of all, in Omaha each player receives four hole cards rather than two. Second of all, one must use two (exactly two) of the four hole cards, along with three (exactly three) of the cards on the board (the community cards), when making a hand. In Hold'em it is possible to use one, two or none (play the board) of the hole cards.

This article intends to clarify how this seemingly small difference sets Omaha apart from Hold'em as an entirely separate game.


Example 1


The board:

In Hold'em:
Those players holding a heart now have a flush.

Any player holding the now holds the nuts .
The will give the second nuts .
and so forth.

In Omaha:
Any player holding a flush must have at least two Hearts amongst his hole cards. You do not hold a flush if your hand contains only one Heart.
Example:
- combination will be the nut hand.


Example 2


The board:

In Hold'em:
Every player holds a

Any player holding one of these in hold'em: has a straight - and any player holding ex: has the nuts .

In Omaha:
You must use two cards from your hand to complete a straight.
makes the lowest straight .

Any off suited hole cards makes the highest straight .

, , , , and so forth, completes the J-high straight.

Any , , , will complete the Q-high straight.


Example 3


The board:



In Hold'em:
Each player holds .

Any player holding an Ace in their hand has the nuts, a Q the second nuts, and so forth.


In Omaha:
No one can hold .

Anyone holding has the nuts .

the second nuts and so forth.


Example 4

The board:



In Hold'em:
A player holding the has the nuts .

makes the second nuts and so forth.


In Omaha:
A player holding an holds the nuts - kicker.

A player holding holds the second nuts (kicker) and so forth.


Pot Limit Omaha - The trap hands:


There are good hands, there are bad hands - and there are dangerous hands. The last ones are hands that will put you in difficult situations and may cost you a lot of money. They are also called traps hands.


There are three typical trap hands in Pot Limit Omaha:

* Small pairs: pairs below 9 should be treated with great care. Even if you do hit a set on the flop you might be up against a bigger one. When this happens you will be in big trouble. If you lack the discipline to throw your hand away you will pay dearly. Remember that you in this situation only will have one out to improve your hand. However, if your short stacked and flop a small set you might go all-in and hope to double up.
* Low wrap hands: 5d-4s-3d-2c is an example of a low wrap hand. When you hit a straight with a hand like this you might well be beaten by a higher one. If that happens you're drawing dead and have no chance of winning the hand. This might prove very costly.
* Small flushes: when you flop a flush holding small cards of the suit in question you have to very careful. In these cases there is an obvious risk that someone has you beat with a higher flush.